The central motif of the state emblem is the crown, the symbol of the Sultan’s sovereignty. The crescent moon and star are the symbols of Islam. On either side of the star, the spears and keris signify the strength of the Kelantan Malays, while the cannon symbolises the readiness of the State to defend itself. The deer on the extreme left and right commemorate the historic reign of Kelantan’s female ruler, Che Siti Wan Kembang, during the 14th century. She ordered the State gold coinage to be stamped with the design of a deer (kijang), her favourite animal. The English translation of the state motto which appears in a white banner below, means “To God the Government of Kelantan Submit”.